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Автор: grek Тема: Не монтируется /home  (Прочитано 121 раз)

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Не монтируется /home
« : Февраль 21, 2019, 17:13:13 »
Добрый день.
Возникла проблема с монтированием /home при загрузке xUbuntu. Сейчас загрузился с LiveUSB, поэтому точно не помню что пишет, но что-то типа: Dependency failed for /home. При попытке примонтировать /home вручную, выдает: Структуру необходимо почистить.
Также рекомендуют (гуглил со смартфона) загрузиться с LiveCD и проверить раздел с помощью Gparted, попробовал - неудачно, попробовал из под терминала пишет:
xubuntu@xubuntu:~$ sudo e2fsck -f -y -v -C 0 '/dev/sda6'
e2fsck 1.44.1 (24-Mar-2018)
ext2fs_check_desc: Corrupt group descriptor: bad block for block bitmap
e2fsck: Group descriptors look bad... trying backup blocks...
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes
Group 640's inode table at 20971552 conflicts with some other fs block.
Relocate? yes

Group 640's block bitmap at 20971520 conflicts with some other fs block.
Relocate? yes

Group 640's inode bitmap at 20971536 conflicts with some other fs block.
Relocate? yes

Group 641's inode table at 20972064 conflicts with some other fs block.
Relocate? yes

Group 641's block bitmap at 20971521 conflicts with some other fs block.
Relocate? yes

.......................................

Group 703's inode bitmap at 22544415 conflicts with some other fs block.
Relocate? yes

Root inode is not a directory.  Clear? yes

Inode 7 passes checks, but checksum does not match inode.  Fix? yes

Inode 5242882 passes checks, but checksum does not match inode.  Fix? yes     

Inode 5242887 passes checks, but checksum does not match inode.  Fix? yes

Inode 33843976 extent tree (at level 1) could be narrower.  Fix? yes           

Relocating group 640's block bitmap from 20971520 to 20980056...               
Relocating group 640's inode bitmap from 20971536 to 20980057...
Relocating group 640's inode table from 20971552 to 20980058...
Relocating group 641's block bitmap from 20971521 to 20980570...
Relocating group 641's inode bitmap from 20971537 to 20980571...
Relocating group 641's inode table from 20972064 to 20980572...
Relocating group 642's block bitmap from 20971522 to 20981084...
Relocating group 642's inode bitmap from 20971538 to 20981085...
Relocating group 642's inode table from 20972576 to 20981086...
Relocating group 643's block bitmap from 20971523 to 20981598...
Relocating group 643's inode bitmap from 20971539 to 20981599...
Relocating group 643's inode table from 20973088 to 20981600...
Relocating group 644's block bitmap from 20971524 to 20982112...
Relocating group 644's inode bitmap from 20971540 to 20982113...
Relocating group 644's inode table from 20973600 to 20982114...
Relocating group 645's block bitmap from 20971525 to 20982626...
Relocating group 645's inode bitmap from 20971541 to 20982627...
Relocating group 645's inode table from 20974112 to 20992855...
Relocating group 646's block bitmap from 20971526 to 20982628...
Relocating group 646's inode bitmap from 20971542 to 20982629...
Relocating group 646's inode table from 20974624 to 20993367...
Relocating group 647's block bitmap from 20971527 to 20982630...
Relocating group 647's inode bitmap from 20971543 to 20982631...
Relocating group 647's inode table from 20975136 to 20993879...
Relocating group 648's block bitmap from 20971528 to 20982632...
Relocating group 648's inode bitmap from 20971544 to 20982633...
Relocating group 648's inode table from 20975648 to 20994391...
Relocating group 649's block bitmap from 20971529 to 20982634...
Relocating group 649's inode bitmap from 20971545 to 20982635...
Relocating group 649's inode table from 20976160 to 20994903...
Relocating group 650's block bitmap from 20971530 to 20982636...
Relocating group 650's inode bitmap from 20971546 to 20982637...
Relocating group 650's inode table from 20976672 to 20995415...
Relocating group 651's block bitmap from 20971531 to 20982638...
Relocating group 651's inode bitmap from 20971547 to 20982639...
Relocating group 651's inode table from 20977184 to 20995927...
Relocating group 652's block bitmap from 20971532 to 20982640...
Relocating group 652's inode bitmap from 20971548 to 20982641...
Relocating group 652's inode table from 20977696 to 20996439...
Relocating group 653's block bitmap from 20971533 to 20982642...
Relocating group 653's inode bitmap from 20971549 to 20982643...
Relocating group 653's inode table from 20978208 to 20996951...
Relocating group 654's block bitmap from 20971534 to 20982644...
Relocating group 654's inode bitmap from 20971550 to 20982645...
Relocating group 654's inode table from 20978720 to 20997463...
Relocating group 655's block bitmap from 20971535 to 20982646...
Relocating group 655's inode bitmap from 20971551 to 20982647...
Relocating group 655's inode table from 20979232 to 20997975...
Relocating group 656's block bitmap from 21495808 to 21504032...
Relocating group 656's inode bitmap from 21495824 to 21504033...
Relocating group 656's inode table from 21495840 to 21504034...
Relocating group 657's block bitmap from 21495809 to 21504546...
Relocating group 657's inode bitmap from 21495825 to 21504547...
Relocating group 657's inode table from 21496352 to 21504548...
Relocating group 658's block bitmap from 21495810 to 21505060...
Relocating group 658's inode bitmap from 21495826 to 21505061...
Relocating group 658's inode table from 21496864 to 21505062...
Relocating group 659's block bitmap from 21495811 to 21505574...
Relocating group 659's inode bitmap from 21495827 to 21505575...
Relocating group 659's inode table from 21497376 to 21505576...
Relocating group 660's block bitmap from 21495812 to 21506088...
Relocating group 660's inode bitmap from 21495828 to 21506089...
Relocating group 660's inode table from 21497888 to 21506090...
Relocating group 661's block bitmap from 21495813 to 21506602...
Relocating group 661's inode bitmap from 21495829 to 21506603...
Relocating group 661's inode table from 21498400 to 21506604...
Relocating group 662's block bitmap from 21495814 to 21507116...
Relocating group 662's inode bitmap from 21495830 to 21507117...
Relocating group 662's inode table from 21498912 to 21507118...
Relocating group 663's block bitmap from 21495815 to 21507630...
Relocating group 663's inode bitmap from 21495831 to 21507631...
Relocating group 663's inode table from 21499424 to 21507632...
Relocating group 664's block bitmap from 21495816 to 21508144...
Relocating group 664's inode bitmap from 21495832 to 21508145...
Relocating group 664's inode table from 21499936 to 21508146...
Relocating group 665's block bitmap from 21495817 to 21508658...
Relocating group 665's inode bitmap from 21495833 to 21508659...
Relocating group 665's inode table from 21500448 to 21508660...
Relocating group 666's block bitmap from 21495818 to 21509172...
Relocating group 666's inode bitmap from 21495834 to 21509173...
Relocating group 666's inode table from 21500960 to 21509174...
Relocating group 667's block bitmap from 21495819 to 21509686...
Relocating group 667's inode bitmap from 21495835 to 21509687...
Relocating group 667's inode table from 21501472 to 21509688...
Relocating group 668's block bitmap from 21495820 to 21510200...
Relocating group 668's inode bitmap from 21495836 to 21510201...
Relocating group 668's inode table from 21501984 to 21510202...
Relocating group 669's block bitmap from 21495821 to 21510714...
Relocating group 669's inode bitmap from 21495837 to 21510715...
Relocating group 669's inode table from 21502496 to 21510716...
Relocating group 670's block bitmap from 21495822 to 21511228...
Relocating group 670's inode bitmap from 21495838 to 21511229...
Relocating group 670's inode table from 21503008 to 21511230...
Relocating group 671's block bitmap from 21495823 to 21511742...
Relocating group 671's inode bitmap from 21495839 to 21511743...
Relocating group 671's inode table from 21503520 to 21511744...
Relocating group 672's block bitmap from 22020096 to 22032634...
Relocating group 672's inode bitmap from 22020112 to 22032635...
Relocating group 672's inode table from 22020128 to 22032636...
Relocating group 673's block bitmap from 22020097 to 22033148...
Relocating group 673's inode bitmap from 22020113 to 22033149...
Relocating group 673's inode table from 22020640 to 22033150...
Relocating group 674's block bitmap from 22020098 to 22033662...
Relocating group 674's inode bitmap from 22020114 to 22033663...
Relocating group 674's inode table from 22021152 to 22033664...
Relocating group 675's block bitmap from 22020099 to 22034176...
Relocating group 675's inode bitmap from 22020115 to 22034177...
Relocating group 675's inode table from 22021664 to 22034178...
Relocating group 676's block bitmap from 22020100 to 22034690...
Relocating group 676's inode bitmap from 22020116 to 22034691...
Relocating group 676's inode table from 22022176 to 22034692...
Relocating group 677's block bitmap from 22020101 to 22035204...
Relocating group 677's inode bitmap from 22020117 to 22035205...
Relocating group 677's inode table from 22022688 to 22035206...
Relocating group 678's block bitmap from 22020102 to 22035718...
Relocating group 678's inode bitmap from 22020118 to 22035719...
Relocating group 678's inode table from 22023200 to 22035720...
Relocating group 679's block bitmap from 22020103 to 22036232...
Relocating group 679's inode bitmap from 22020119 to 22036233...
Relocating group 679's inode table from 22023712 to 22036234...
Relocating group 680's block bitmap from 22020104 to 22036746...
Relocating group 680's inode bitmap from 22020120 to 22036747...
Relocating group 680's inode table from 22024224 to 22036748...
Relocating group 681's block bitmap from 22020105 to 22037260...
Relocating group 681's inode bitmap from 22020121 to 22037261...
Relocating group 681's inode table from 22024736 to 22037262...
Relocating group 682's block bitmap from 22020106 to 22037774...
Relocating group 682's inode bitmap from 22020122 to 22037775...
Relocating group 682's inode table from 22025248 to 22037776...
Relocating group 683's block bitmap from 22020107 to 22038288...
Relocating group 683's inode bitmap from 22020123 to 22038289...
Relocating group 683's inode table from 22025760 to 22038290...
Relocating group 684's block bitmap from 22020108 to 22038802...
Relocating group 684's inode bitmap from 22020124 to 22038803...
Relocating group 684's inode table from 22026272 to 22038804...
Relocating group 685's block bitmap from 22020109 to 22039316...
Relocating group 685's inode bitmap from 22020125 to 22039317...
Relocating group 685's inode table from 22026784 to 22039318...
Relocating group 686's block bitmap from 22020110 to 22039830...
Relocating group 686's inode bitmap from 22020126 to 22039831...
Relocating group 686's inode table from 22027296 to 22039832...
Relocating group 687's block bitmap from 22020111 to 22040344...
Relocating group 687's inode bitmap from 22020127 to 22040345...
Relocating group 687's inode table from 22027808 to 22040346...
Relocating group 688's block bitmap from 22544384 to 22553026...
Relocating group 688's inode bitmap from 22544400 to 22553027...
Relocating group 688's inode table from 22544416 to 22553028...
Relocating group 689's block bitmap from 22544385 to 22553540...
Relocating group 689's inode bitmap from 22544401 to 22553541...
Relocating group 689's inode table from 22544928 to 22553542...
Relocating group 690's block bitmap from 22544386 to 22554054...
Relocating group 690's inode bitmap from 22544402 to 22554055...
Relocating group 690's inode table from 22545440 to 22554056...
Relocating group 691's block bitmap from 22544387 to 22554568...
Relocating group 691's inode bitmap from 22544403 to 22554569...
Relocating group 691's inode table from 22545952 to 22559117...
Relocating group 692's block bitmap from 22544388 to 22554570...
Relocating group 692's inode bitmap from 22544404 to 22554571...
Relocating group 692's inode table from 22546464 to 22559629...
Relocating group 693's block bitmap from 22544389 to 22554572...
Relocating group 693's inode bitmap from 22544405 to 22554573...
Relocating group 693's inode table from 22546976 to 22560141...
Relocating group 694's block bitmap from 22544390 to 22554574...
Relocating group 694's inode bitmap from 22544406 to 22554575...
Relocating group 694's inode table from 22547488 to 22560653...
Relocating group 695's block bitmap from 22544391 to 22554576...
Relocating group 695's inode bitmap from 22544407 to 22554577...
Relocating group 695's inode table from 22548000 to 22561165...
Relocating group 696's block bitmap from 22544392 to 22554578...
Relocating group 696's inode bitmap from 22544408 to 22554579...
Relocating group 696's inode table from 22548512 to 22561677...
Relocating group 697's block bitmap from 22544393 to 22554580...
Relocating group 697's inode bitmap from 22544409 to 22554581...
Relocating group 697's inode table from 22549024 to 22562189...
Relocating group 698's block bitmap from 22544394 to 22554582...
Relocating group 698's inode bitmap from 22544410 to 22554583...
Relocating group 698's inode table from 22549536 to 22562701...
Relocating group 699's block bitmap from 22544395 to 22554584...
Relocating group 699's inode bitmap from 22544411 to 22554585...
Relocating group 699's inode table from 22550048 to 22563213...
Relocating group 700's block bitmap from 22544396 to 22554586...
Relocating group 700's inode bitmap from 22544412 to 22554587...
Relocating group 700's inode table from 22550560 to 22563725...
Relocating group 701's block bitmap from 22544397 to 22554588...
Relocating group 701's inode bitmap from 22544413 to 22554589...
Relocating group 701's inode table from 22551072 to 22564237...
Relocating group 702's block bitmap from 22544398 to 22554590...
Relocating group 702's inode bitmap from 22544414 to 22554591...
Relocating group 702's inode table from 22551584 to 22564749...
Relocating group 703's block bitmap from 22544399 to 22554592...
Relocating group 703's inode bitmap from 22544415 to 22554593...
Relocating group 703's inode table from 22552096 to 22565261...
Resize inode (re)creation failed: Inode checksum does not match inode.Continue? yes

ext2fs_read_inode: Inode checksum does not match inode while reading inode 7 in recreate inode

/dev/sda6: ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED *****
e2fsck: aborted

/dev/sda6: ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED *****
xubuntu@xubuntu:~$

Можно ли как-то вытащить данные с немонтируемого раздела?

Оффлайн butjapka

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #1 : Февраль 21, 2019, 18:09:38 »
загрузитесь в лайв усб,
sudo blkid
вывод сюда
 и с вашей реальной (не лайв) файловой системы содержимое файла /etc/fstab посмотреть бы
« Последнее редактирование: Февраль 21, 2019, 18:11:43 от butjapka »

Оффлайн grek

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #2 : Февраль 21, 2019, 18:19:41 »
root@xubuntu:/# cat /etc/fstab
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
#
# / was on /dev/sda3 during installation
UUID=f46730ba-5fe2-40ea-991d-1e9145c3f695 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
#
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=2310-2EDA  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
#
# /home was on /dev/sda6 during installation
UUID=d41af223-6e1f-4130-9e35-d585dac3149f /home           ext4    defaults        0       0
#
# swap was on /dev/sda2 during installation
UUID=991dc499-88d4-4e4c-985e-9d6a08ea865c none            swap    sw              0       0
root@xubuntu:/#

xubuntu@xubuntu:~$ sudo blkid
/dev/sda1: UUID="2310-2EDA" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="99f4ca8d-ffe9-4f3d-90ed-2218941099a4"
/dev/sda3: UUID="f46730ba-5fe2-40ea-991d-1e9145c3f695" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="6bf1f834-c7bd-47d5-b1e8-e61676db18c6"
/dev/sda4: UUID="fe268da6-15d6-4472-84ba-e247225a27fb" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="7fcc93b9-c6bb-4740-970a-e829c901fa96"
/dev/sda5: UUID="63444110-7a45-40ef-aa68-cdcd5d1c9a1d" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="00575289-1a64-4064-acef-c9099cf718a5"
/dev/sda6: UUID="d41af223-6e1f-4130-9e35-d585dac3149f" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="afff4997-49fd-4f6c-ae5c-ccea49eae63e"
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sda2: UUID="991dc499-88d4-4e4c-985e-9d6a08ea865c" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="4f394a1e-e2a3-40ae-993c-e22b049da91e"
/dev/sdb2: SEC_TYPE="msdos" UUID="0D5F-1DB6" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="6c539f5d-02"
/dev/sdc1: LABEL="SATA2TB" UUID="2AF72F2E51FBE07D" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="000af5cd-01"
/dev/sdb1: UUID="2018-07-25-03-28-45-00" LABEL="Xubuntu 18.04.1 LTS amd64" TYPE="iso9660" PTUUID="6c539f5d" PTTYPE="dos" PARTUUID="6c539f5d-01"
xubuntu@xubuntu:~$

Может сначала dd'ой сделать образ, потом форматнуть раздел и распаковать образ на отформатированный раздел?
Главное, почему это возникло, выключался ноут корректно, никаких проблем не было...
Что за фигня? Под Debian за 7 лет никогда подобного не было, хотя в настоящий момент может и под Debian такое есть....

PS. После подобных траблов возникает предательская мысль вернуться на Windows!
« Последнее редактирование: Февраль 21, 2019, 19:48:10 от grek »

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #3 : Февраль 21, 2019, 20:45:45 »
Один из вариантов причины такой ошибки: переполнение раздела.
Решение: загрузиться с лайв-СД (флеш) и почистить раздел.

Оффлайн grek

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #4 : Февраль 21, 2019, 20:50:32 »
Да нет, переполнения на разделе нет. Gparted показывает (да я и так помню) - занято 420 ГБ, свободно - 350 ГБ.
Сейчас запустил xubuntu@xubuntu:~$ sudo dd if=/dev/sda6 of=/media/xubuntu/SATA2TB/home/sda6.img bs=8M conv=sync,noerror, на всякий случай.
Кстати, может можно как-то "загнать" в образ не весь раздел, а только полезную информацию?
« Последнее редактирование: Февраль 21, 2019, 20:53:19 от grek »

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #5 : Февраль 22, 2019, 07:08:08 »
Сейчас сделал тест SMART (gnome-disk-utility):
Last self-test completed successfully.
Threshold not exceeded.
Disk is OK.

Оффлайн butjapka

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #6 : Февраль 22, 2019, 07:54:41 »
если попробовать проверку диска с явным указанием ФС
fsck -t ext4 /dev/sda6

Оффлайн grek

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Re: Не монтируется /home
« Ответ #7 : Февраль 22, 2019, 08:36:40 »
Пробовал, закончилось неудачно. Сейчас заклонирую sda dd'ой на другой диск, потом наверное отформатирую sda6 и попробую скопировать с клона, если конечно удачно склонируется.

Да, похоже всем данным абзац... Что произошло - неизвестно, но в процессе использования xUbuntu, не смотря на нормальную работу с гибридной графикой, создалось плохое впечатление об этой системе, ну а уж текущая ситуация - это вообще край. Короче надо ждать выхода нового релиза Debian, а все эти "бубунты" - не серьёзно!!!
« Последнее редактирование: Февраль 22, 2019, 22:25:14 от grek »